Today the problems of efficient innovation development are in the spotlight of government bodies. Obviously, only in this way it is possible to succeed in improving the national economy competitiveness in the medium and especially in the long term. This understanding was formed as a result of evaluating the existing resource constraints, consequences and prospects of wide spread of information and computer technologies, biotechnology, alternative energy sources, automation of production processes and so on. It has become even more prominent on the background of the global financial crisis, hardly predictable high volatility in commodity markets and environmental problems aggravation caused by the use of technologies hostile to environment.
The "Economic Strategies" journal
The power of elite and its interests affect every person. In the era of globalization it is imperceptible. Influence is unnoticeable, but exists and indirect methodology works well. Then we have to make a question about the possibilities. When the situation is confused, multy-subject and contaminated by information background, to talk about interests and benefits means to condemn oneself to unraveling the Gordian knot. It is much easier to understand the opportunities. Let us throw away doubts – any opportunities will be necessarily used by elite. So what is the elite?
The author considers features of functioning of organs of government (board of directors and management) in joint-stock company. It is possible to present company director not only in the form of organs which is born by fiduciary duties of due care before the company and its shareholders of the company, but also as agents who render services to shareholders. The author suggests to consider organs of government in two directions (as corporate organ which are allocated by powers and are a company integral part and as agents who render services to shareholders) as such review allows shareholders to expect the true purposes of a director and not to admit destruction of shareholder value.
Increasing public investment in the Russian Federation to facilitate economic growth in the current situation is impossible, therefore the problem of improving their efficiency becomes increasingly important. The above issue has become the subject of many studies showing that public investments effectiveness varies considerably from country to country. It is affected by various factors: structural changes in the economy, sectoral funding distribution, applied mechanisms of planning, management and stimulation. Moreover, analyzing some countries’ experience of economic growth stimulation through public investment it is necessary to take into account their economic and historical situation, the resource base, as well as political attitudes. According to the theory, public investments do not always contribute to the economy dynamic development. At the same time, empirical studies prove that public capital invested in such sectors as transport, communication and education is effective as a whole. An important task is the analysis of mechanisms of priority investment projects state support, existing in the world practice, and their revision with regard to conditions and needs of the Russian Federation.
The article is dedicated to the most important philosophical term of the East Asian countries— Тao — and is a kind of Rubicon in comprehension of this term’s meaning. The innovation of article consists in reconsideration of the very essence of Tao’s use and existence as a word and as a term of oriental philosophy, in destruction of ideas about Tao in traditional scientific and philosophical conception of ideas, as well as in promotion of essentially new postulate on this term’s destination in ancient canons of the Far East, in particular, in Ancient Chinese treatises.
Balancing on the brink of financial disaster of the USA and the entire world economy, whose positive trend was previously supported by financial pyramid, created by the US Federal Reserve System, could not last forever. Exhaustion of the US regulatory capabilities within the previous management contour has necessitated transition to post-American model of balancing global financial disproportions. The way out was found applying the Soviet experience: the USA passed on to creating the world’s Gosplan with organizational framework of Americanized CMEA based on the set of trade agreements: Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) and the Trade in Services Agreement (TISA).
The article analyzes the main strategically important provisions of the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) Agreement in the light of the US interests and through the prism of the other countries-participants, the real results of which can be expected by participants to the agreement, as well as the opposition of China, BRICS, SCO and the EAEU countries to the US will to lead the APEC region. The article proves that the proposed version of the TPP is not an evolutionary step within transition to multipolarity, but reflects the US foreign policy strategy, aimed at rewriting the terms of international community functioning, based on their own interests and the existing system of administrative-legal regulation of the US economy.
Financial and economic crisis that has engulfed the world to some extent entails a crisis of previously firm ideas on globalization. On the eve of the XXI century Russia was shocked by events that radically changed its appearance, size, living standards and even the people’s psychology. Serious changes in foreign policy also occurred. Among the variety of issues facing new Russia, a special place was occupied by relations with Japan. Complicated history of bilateral inter-state relations, system of geo-psychological relations East – West and myths abundance have led to the fact that now Japan in many ways is a symbol and image for Russia. Often this image has almost nothing to do with the original. Like a hundred years ago, the most popular in Russia now is Japan, which does not exist. It would not really matter if it didn’t influence so often the serious problems facing our countries. Who and how does form the image of Japan? How real is Japan conceived currently in Russia, does it exist at all? In the interview to Alexander Ageev Ivan S. Tselischev, professor of the Niigata University of Management (Japan), author of the bestseller «Asia’s Turning Point», RAS IMEMO representative in Japan told about peculiarities of Japanese development, originality of Japanese business ethics, his vision of modernization in Japan, organization of big business and the banking sector.