The "Economic Strategies" journal
With the capitalist economy development more evident becomes the tendency of a definite isolation of financial sphere from the so-called “real sector” of economy. This “isolation” is supported the basic principles of economic thought, in particular by money neutrality principle (the classic dichotomy) of the neoclassical school. Today, financial sector and financial capital have transformed from a mediator serving reproduction into a key factor, largely determining economic development of both individual national economies and the world economy as a whole. Hypertrophic growth of financial sector causes a widening gap between material-substantial and financial flows. Resulting imbalances lead to severe crises phenomena, the most powerful of which is the global crisis began in 2008. Its effects are still determining a high degree uncertainty of the whole world development. This article deals with scientific comprehension of the problem of providing financial and economic security of an open economy, which includes Russia, in arising difficult conditions of increasing instability and global competitive tension.
Having analyzed vast information on the world and Russian economies, the author came to conclusion that world economy is closely connected with mineral resources, countries’ possibilities to pursue an independent policy or to convert this factor in the aggression element.
The paper shows the evaluation of significance of Northern and Eastern shelf areas development and protection for the Russian Federation. Taking into account the shelves natural features it shows that only through application of new methods of oceanic construction industry proposed by the authors, based on nanotechnology developed by them, it is possible to create conditions for underwater/subglacial exploration and mineral resources mining in these areas and their infrastructure development in general. A specific example of creating subglacial naval base like an anchored subglacial aircraft-carrier for protection of the northern shelf natural resources and providing efficient safeguarding of the RF production-mining complexes on the shelf is considered.
The article analyzes the current world economy situation in modern conditions, when all prior multilateral arrangements, including within WTO, are practically ignored by the EU and the US in relation to Russia; it notes that the current recommendations of international economic organizations in Russia are aimed at preserving the mono-raw material orientation of its economy structure, at forecasting failures in performance of the Government’s social obligations to the Russian population, at the impossibility of conducting modernization and development of new deposits, including the Russian Arctic, due to the high dependence on foreign investment and technology, which should ultimately provide the country’s renunciation of self-contained and independent foreign policy; it analyzes the US strategy of access to hydrocarbon world markets as a leading exporter.
Considering the trends of the Russian pharmaceutical industry development, we should bear in mind the existing external constraints, in the first place it is necessary to highlight the need to comply with the WTO rules and regulations, as well as the growing political and military pressure, intensifying economic sanctions against Russia from the part of the world leading countries. In this context, the article discusses the current state of the Russian pharmaceutical industry, strategic options of its development and the concomitant risks.
In July 2014 the law was signed, which obliged all foreign Internet companies selling in Russia to keep personal data of the Russians only in Russia. According to Chairman of the State Duma Committee on Information Policy, Information Technologies and Communications Leonid Levin, besides the problems of millions of hacker attacks on the Russian Internet segment or sanctions limiting our business, today we can observe a general escalation of tension in the information space, demonization of our country and restriction of access to objective information. Such situation is fraught with serious shocks in the future. Leonid Levin in his conversation with the “ES” special columnist Valentina Nikolskaya told about the tasks on protecting Russian citizens from the information risks with account to developed countries’ practice.
Key factors for preserving the usual level of operators’ business profitability in the nearest 5-8 years are clearly coordinated commercial and technical strategies, allowing to sustain adequate investment discipline. The world’s largest ICT consultant Detecon within the new vision of the telecommunications market development offers to operators’ business radical solutions for overcoming global challenges in the era of transformation. This was discussed in the interview with the “ES” by managing partner for technologies in Europe and the CIS Detecon Europe Dr. Stefan Shnitter.