The "Economic Strategies" journal

#2. 2021




The impact of CO2 emissions on the prices of Gazprom’s LNG and pipeline gas in Europe and the world (analytical review)

DOI: 10.33917/mic-2.97.2021.75-82

In November 2021, the climate summit of the countries participating in the Paris Climate Agreement will be held. It should be taken into account that the energy and carbon intensity of LNG production during its liquefaction and transportation can be significant. Carbon neutral LNG adds a «Green premium» to the LNG price of 17-37 % of the value of the LNG cargo in the current spot market. The «Green premium» can be estimated at 0,8–$ 1.7/MMBtu or $ 10-20/t of CO2 for removing CO2 from LNG.

The article shows that the carbon intensity of American LNG in Europe is 3 times higher than that of Russian pipeline gas.

Environmental management system as a tool to ensure the competitiveness of an industrial enterprise

DOI: 10.33917/mic-2.97.2021.83-88

The article shows that in modern conditions, industrial enterprises pay great attention to environmental management, since, being engaged in environmental management, any organizational activity is given confidence that everything will comply with environmental standards established by legislation and its own policy. The environmental management system should be regularly reviewed to identify any difficulties in its implementation and provide recommendations for continual improvement.

Assessment of the quality of medical care based on a questionnaire

DOI: 10.33917/mic-2.97.2021.89-96

The article defines the main directions of assessing the quality of medical activity. On the basis of the questionnaire, the main problems of providing medical care in a medical organization are analyzed and systematized. The assessment of the quality of services in the oncology department of one of the hospitals in Moscow was carried out.

Organization of scientific and technological development in the period of command economy: achievements and shortcomings

DOI: 10.33917/mic-2.97.2021.5-13

The article briefly reviews the state of the scientific and technological complex of the USSR in the most favorable period of its economic development (late 1970s-early 1980s). There is shown the structure of the organization of scientific research and the application of findings in the industry. Attention is drawn both to the advantages of centralized planning of scientific and technological developments, and to its disadvantages, in particular, the lack of using methods of economic incentives, which led to a drop in the innovative activity of participants in the scientific and technological process from the development of the idea to its implementation.

On the issue of improving the higher education system at the present stage of development

DOI: 10.33917/mic-2.97.2021.14-18

The article examines a number of problems associated with the development of the higher education system at the present stage, and the current measures of the Government of the Russian Federation to streamline it. The necessity of taking urgent measures to improve the learning process in the magistracy has been substantiated. Proposals are given on priority measures for solving the issues of training masters, as the most qualified specialists in their profile, and their relevance by business entities.

Analysis of consumer ideals in the space of image-forming factors: setting the problem and identifying factors

DOI: 10.33917/mic-2.97.2021.19-31

The problem of analyzing consumer ideals in the image-forming space with an emphasis on the correctness of the application of methods and the interpretation of the results is considered. The problem definition and the features of using the methods of its solution are discussed. The approaches and methods of identifying image-forming factors that determine market processes and constructing a market structure in which market objects are displayed in the optimal form for solving the task are analyzed. The concept of product/ brand/ company promotion based on the analysis of consumer ideals is presented.

Service market segmentation: problems, solutions

DOI: 10.33917/mic-2.97.2021.32-37

The scientific article summarizes the concept of the service market of services. Based on the analysis of the respondents ‘ personal data, an attempt is made to segment the market by priority market niches that tend to be commercialized in the aspect: medical services, educational services, financial and information services on the example of the meso – level of the study-the Republic of Tatarstan.

Music streaming services in Russia is a tactic of forced offensive

DOI: 10.33917/mic-2.97.2021.38-46

The article examines and identifies the reasons for the change in the structure of the music market, which led to an increase in the popularity of streaming music services. A comparative analysis of the most significant streaming services in the Russian market, as well as their unique competitive advantages, which allowed to effectively implement the strategy of forced attack on the market and gradually displace the pirate shadow segment, is carried out.

Characteristics of the Korean transnational corporations’ activities in the modern conditions of development

DOI: 10.33917/mic-2.97.2021.47-54

The article is an analysis of the features of the key players, development in the South Korean economy – chaebols, which have become the leaders in the production of science-intensive products and have turned into transnational corporations that own a significant share of the world market. The key strategic lines of the current stage of operation of Samsung, Hyundai, LG and POSCO, as well as the impact of the pandemic on their key indicators, are investigated and identified.

Economy of the balanced nuclear fuel cycle at innovative REMIX-fuel

DOI: 10.33917/mic-2.97.2021.55-63

The estimates of the competitiveness of the balanced closed nuclear fuel cycle with thermal reactors VVER, PWR and BWR and innovative REMIX-fuel are given. REMIX-fuel obtained by reprocessing spent fuel. Considered three options for REMIX-fuel — А, Б and C, differing in the way of achieving enrichment (concentration of fissile isotopes 235U and 239Pu), needed for reactors. The fuel component of the NPP electricity cost is used as competitiveness criterion, which reflects all the costs of the fuel cycle for both before the reactor and after the reactor stages. The developed economic-mathematical model of the fuel cycle makes it possible to calculate a cost indicators of nuclear fuel components and the fuel components of the NPP electricity cost depending on the cost characteristics of key technological conversions, including reprocessing of spent fuel, enrichment of regenerated and natural uranium, manufacture of fuel assemblies, radioactive waste management and compare with the traditional fuel cycle.