Currently, humanity is concerned about two major issues: national security and economic development. At the same time environmental threat seems more distant and therefore less dangerous. In solving the problem of economic development a priority role remains with the market economy. The article notes the existence of a fundamental difference in the target objectives of business and environment: development of market economy and business does not meet the requirements of efficient nature management and environment and causes further environmental degradation. In this regard, there is a concern — if the society continues to develop only on the principles of market economy, it itself will speed up the arrival of a global environmental catastrophe.
Professor Emeritus of the University of Erlangen, having a PhD from the University of Granfild and the Moscow Energy Institute, member of the VDI-GEU Advisory Board, winner of the “Global Energy” 2005 prize, Klaus Riedle is a world leading specialist in the field of gas turbine power. Under his guidance were designed the latest generations of Siemens high-performance gas turbines.
Scientific activities of Klaus Riedle:
- the world’s leading specialist in the field of gas turbine power;
- participated in projects for developing “Westinghouse” systems W 501FD and W 501G, based on which in 1999 at the power plant in Florida (USA) the world’s largest 60 Hz 501G machine was launched;
- has developed the latest generations of Siemens high-performance gas turbines;
- introduced new materials and technologies into production, including single-crystal superalloys for the first rows of blades, cooling systems with a film layer and thermal insulation coatings for guiding blades and rotor blades of power gas turbines;
- created improved high-temperature, high power gas turbines of 8000H series
Country of the Rising Sun has always been at the forefront of high technology. Prior to the accident at “Fukushima-1” nuclear power accounted for about 30% in the overall structure of the Japanese energy consumption. After the disaster the Japanese tried to compensate the lack of nuclear power with the increase in mineral resources imports and with generating own energy by renewable energy resources. Oil imports in the first years after the accident were growing. But such a replacement is very expensive for Japan’s budget, as rejection of peaceful atom has led to record trade deficit figures. Restarting the nuclear program in Japan after the events at “Fukushima-1” was a rather complicated and delicate matter. On the one hand, psychological aspect did not allow to restart using peaceful nuclear energy, because the memory was still keeping fresh fears after the accident. However, from an economic point of view NPP restart was only a matter of time. This adds additional strength to energy companies in improving their strategies. In the basis of nearly a century-long success of Mitsubishi Electric there is a special, time-tested and experience-tested company’s philosophy. Mitsubishi Electric proclaims seven basic principles of its activity: trust, quality, technology, social responsibility, flexibility, environmental protection and growth. Corporate motto of Mitsubishi Electric “Changes for the better” affirms the company’s commitment to continuous improvement in pursuit of the highest standards. This slogan promises to create a “better tomorrow” for each of the clients. In his exclusive interview with Alexander Ageev Katsuya Furuta, Mitsubishi Electric Group Vice President Nuclear Energy, Advanced Magnetic & Medical Systems Marketing Division, Energy & Industrial Systems Group, dwells on the level of the world’s trust in the company’s products, the main features of Japanese management, on the differences in doing business in our country, on promotion of Japanese brands in the Russian market and, of course, on Russian-Japanese relations.
In Russia it is usual during strategic planning process not to study enough and not to take into account the impact of global processes and risks on the Russian economy and the level of its economic security. The article provides a solution of this problem based on an integrated approach to studying the global risks impact. The authors have improved the technique of the World Economic Forum (WEF) for global risks quantitative assessment and have proposed the methodology of assessing the global risks impact on the Russian economy. On the basis of data from the “WEF report on global risks — 2014” the authors demonstrate the method’s application for obtaining estimates characterizing the degree of the global risks impact on the Russian economy and the level of its economic security. In conclusion, materials on the indicative assessment of the global risks impact on the Russian economy according to the 2015 data are presented.
The present scientific article, based on applying geo-civilizational reproductive-cyclical macro-model, proposes a System of Goals (Goals tree) for sustainable development of the Eurasian civilization and the main strategy directions to achieve them. On the basis of the World Bank statistics an analysis by five factors (coordinated with the structure of civilizations genotype) is carried out: socio-demographic, agrifood, energyecological, scientific-technological and economic.
The article investigates the global shifts in the world economy and changes in commodity markets, where Russia has a wide range of economic interests and international projects, and is also facing a number of challenges. These are fall in demand and lower prices for basic energy, the growing contradictions and rivalry between the major players, the political pressure and the introduction of market constraints (sanctions). The author raises the question of a new paradigm of development, combining pre-empting the future and reacting in the moment, proactive and reactive strategies based on objective analysis and the deserving moral guidelines.
The article considers the techniques for choosing priorities of economic development from points of view of various economic theory schools. The authors are keen to show the importance of defining priorities for realization of strategic planning idea on the basis of international experience and tools of economic policy. The authors are inclined to believe that the top priority of economic policy should be the population welfare growth, which can be achieved in different ways using different tools.
The article provides an analysis of the possible stabilization of world GDP in the forecast period, including explanation by the systemic long-term falling of oil prices. Given that the world GDP is the value of all goods and services of final consumption, the GDP decline can be attributed to their cheapening. This price reduction can be caused by high rates of innovation and technological development of the world economy. The article presents argumentation that the decline in the world GDP has a longterm nature. Even recessionary development of the global economy is possible. But it is not disastrous. The world economy under the influence of innovation processes is reconstructed through information technology replenishment and through reducing production costs of goods and services for final consumption. The article shows at the model level that countries with a low GDP per capita may have even greater potential for transition to an information economy than countries with a high GDP per capita. This opens a window of opportunities for Russia to modernize the economy in accordance with the evolving trends of the global innovation process.
The article dwells on the possibilities and prospects of Azerbaijan in the current difficult political and economic situation in the world and the country. Removing sanctions from Iran, tension in Russian-Turkish relations, oil prices decline, escalation of Karabakh conflict — how these and other factors will affect the economy of one of the most developed countries of the Transcaucasus.
General trend of the global economic system development includes formation of integrated markets. Preconditions for creating unified local market exist even in such multi-ethnic in composition and perspective in economic interests hyper-region as the Arctic. Of course, the limit for developing the economic activity traditional areals is still far, however economic foresighting has been forcing us long ago to look for reserves. Its threatening projections are based on regularly occurring crisis phenomena, and the wider is the range of active economic actors — both states and corporations — the more often these phenomena occur. Reflections, quoted in this article, about the forms of joint spatial arrangement of unique territory of Russia, Central and East Asia countries, about trends of increasing threats and challenges in the economy, have brought us to recognize feasibility of searching and building adequate forms of cooperation and co-development.