In the process of development, the scientific (natural philosophy, Baconian) perception paradigm faces at least two cognitive limits, the first of which is due to insufficient dimension of human thinking, its inability to accommodate all scientific knowledge (Leibnitz limit), and the second is related to internal paradox and latent groundlessness of the paradigm itself.
In the course of its development, human civilization has repeatedly encountered a number of certain difficulties and challenges. In the XXI century problems have acquired a completely new, threatening character and are associated with depletion of natural resources for humanity livelihood. They concern absolutely all the Earth’s inhabitants, affect the interests of many countries and peoples of the world. The article presents strategic risks and possible solutions to the global problems of the civilization development.
In this article, facilitation is seen as a healthy reaction to the world globalization and as a means of increasing efficiency while managing innovative scientific and technical projects. The author considers the main features of such facilitation and the processes of introducing such form of management into newly created and already existing scientific and technical projects.
History shows that many new progressive ideas did not immediately receive recognition, which significantly slowed down the mankind’s progress. As an example, the author considers insufficiently substantiated within today’s requirements hypothesis of K.E. Tsiolkovsky: “Only about the existence of rational or at least some creatures outside the Earth absolutely nothing is known. But the voice of reason, the voice of genius is screaming his lungs, that not only the Universe is chock full of them, but that even a huge percentage of these creatures have reached perfection, so far incomprehensible for limited humanity still remaining in the infant phase of its being”, and possible directions of further research in this area are pointed out.
Based on the international scale of levels of readiness of technology developed a typology of research readiness levels. When forming the priority, promising areas of research proposed to take into account the typology of research levels of readiness. It is shown that the detail stages of innovation cycle most relevant to its middle levels.
The plan of measures on implementing the program “Digital Economy of the Russian Federation” in the direction “Formation of research competencies and technological reserves” provides in 2018 elaboration of methodological approaches to development and implementation of strategies for digital transformation of enterprises. The world practice has accumulated an interesting, diverse experience of digital transformation, but Russia’s leadership potential in the world digital competition can be formed solely by developing independent, breakthrough approaches that will allow Russian industry not only to adopt successful experience of foreign partners, but also to put forward its competitive solutions and digital transformation tools. The proposed methodology for studying adaptability of Russia’s high-tech complex to realities of the digital economy can make a worthy contribution to forming competencies in the digital transformation of high-tech enterprises. The authors hope for an active and constructive dialogue with a wide range of experts in the interests of development and further improvement of this approach.
Methodology and program for identifying leaders of labor collectives in big production structures was developed. Its approbation was carried out within the framework of «Concern VKO “Almaz-Antey”». Analysis of the obtained results is presented.