The article discusses the diversification option for the military-industrial complex enterprises through forming and implementing the state strategic order of civil products.
The article describes technical and economic issues of providing defense potential in the aerospace sector under in conditions of increasing military and technological challenges and threats and implementing the strategy of import substitution. The paper presents analysis of the information-technological problems of development of domestic military-industrial complex enterprises — developers of aerospace defense systems, it identifies reserves for increasing their efficiency through introducing integrated information systems. On the example of “VNIIRT” JSC the paper presents prospects for implementing the lean manufacturing concept on the basis of product lifecycle management technology. It gives comparative characteristics of cooperation business models in the defense industry both in foreign countries and in Russia. The article identifies technological and organizational-economic factors of developing cooperation of the final integrators, sub-integrators and components suppliers in the military products manufacturing. It sets out system-forming elements of a risk-oriented approach to forming co-operation in the defense-industrial complex. The authors propose a mathematical model of risk indicator for the company-finalist when choosing the composition of enterprises participating in cooperation, based on aggregation of private indicators of scientific and technical, industrial and technological, financial and economic risks. They formulate long-term objectives for the proposed approach implementation with application of neural network technology.
Under the conditions of informatization of all human activity aspects special role is acquiring the use of space-based systems that can provide globality, operational efficiency and high frequency of receiving and delivering information to consumers. Following new requirements to space systems necessitates creation of multi-satellite (tens and hundreds of spacecraft) groups in orbit, which cannot be realized through the use of spacecraft with a mass between one and several tons, primarily due to purely economic reasons. This results in the need to significantly reduce weight and size of spacecraft.
The article analyzes the impact of forecasting and planning on management system effectiveness at various levels: from enterprises to federal executive authorities.
Creating a remote monitoring system for dangerous or potentially dangerous objects in order to provide security will become a priority for companies and research institutions in the next few years. Rostekhnadzor is carrying out activities to create a system of remote monitoring of technological processes in dangerous production facilities with the use of modern telemetric facilities, information and communication technologies. In his interview with the chief editor of the “Economic strategies” magazine Alexander Ageev the State Secretary – Deputy Head of Rostekhnadzor Alexander Rybas told about the possibilities of not only qualitatively predict accidents, but also to make recommendations with regard to changing operational risks, about experts certification in the field of industrial safety.
The article presents comparative analysis results of national models of the defense industry strategic development in the United States, Western Europe and China. It examines the influence of the national mentality, national business culture and existing business traditions in the countries under consideration on integration processes development in the defense industry, organizational forms applied and mechanisms. The article dwells on characteristics of the civil-military integration mechanisms, public-private partnerships and inter-ethnic cooperation, reveals features of their implementation in different countries of the world. It presents conclusions on the possibility of adapting the advanced foreign experience to domestic practice of strategic management of the defense industry development.
What meanings of being, system of values and morality can confront Russia today and tomorrow as the basis of a future war? The article provides a brief analysis of geopolitical projects for superethnoses, forming the basis of leading contemporary civilizations.
Ideological and theoretical justification of violence and its extreme form — the war — has a solid philosophical and political base. Nevertheless, this question becomes especially acute nowadays. Not least due to the fact that a substantial segment of the confrontation is shifting into the sphere of ideological and political warfare — war of meanings aimed at suppressing the enemy’s will to resist. Wars of the so-called fourth generation are asymmetric and hybrid ones, wars of “everybody against everyone”, in conditions of losing monopoly on violence by state institutions and increasing the power of non-state and mixed (public-private) paramilitary systems will require re-interpretation of the concepts of justice and war sacredness.
The article analyzes metaphysical aspects of violence on the basis of three theses. 1. Metaphysics of violence. Violence in today’s world acts as an end in itself and its volumes grow towards the apocalypse. 2. Physics of violence. Violence is used by the state and its institutions as a means of positivity. 3. Wisdom of violence. Philosophy of economy and Russian sophianic philosophy are seeking the ways of transforming violence into meaningful, educational, training, cultural forms of human behavior determination, into the social structures of justice.