The following lecture of the series on the role of State in the economy deals with Concepts of the founders of Marxism and their adepts in the post-October 1917-period on the State’s role in the economy. I identify this vector of economic thought in a separate section due to significant influence that Marxism and Leninism ideas had impinged on the Economics and Politics in our country. The Marxist views analysis of the State’s attitude towards entrepreneurship is needed to identify the roots of the events that occurred in the twentieth century, in order to avoid their repetition in the XXI century.
In view of the increasing State’s influence in the economy around the World, especially in 2010s, we start publishing series of lectures dedicated to interaction between State and Business. The author examines the State’s participation in economic life of some countries and beyond national borders, State’s relationship with Private Capital in the conditions of the market economy formation and further internationalization. The term “State capitalism” is becoming widespread again in the World. This is largely due to the increasing number of companies with State participation among the leading transnational corporations, especially coming from emerging economies. The course of lectures deals with the history of interaction between State and Business and is intended for undergraduate and graduate students studying the History of economic Thought and economic policy. It may also be useful for everybody interested in evolution of the State’s role in one of the key areas of its influence — economy.
The paper discusses theoretical and legal aspects of the national security of the Russian Federation. The author analyzes the “national security” definitions offered by different researchers and provides his own definition. Considering the national security issue the author draws attention to associated problem blocks, indicates the activities that may be conducted for this purpose. The author analyzes basic documents adopted in Russia, which form the legal basis of the national security system of our country, traces the relationship between national security and international security.
Suburban traffic affects the interests and possibly even quality of life of tens of millions of people, for that reason the problem gains in political significance.
Foreign policy is not anything immutable. National interest should be permanent. But unfortunately, this rule was not always observed — depending on what group turned out to be at power, the idea of national interest changed. It was especially clearly manifested and had the most detrimental effects during the period of perestroika.