The XXII Olympic Games are over. The FIFA World Cup is up ahead. All these sports milestones represent tremendous opportunities for promoting and cultivating a healthy lifestyle. Now it is very important to maintain such spirit that after the Olympics it should be prestigious to go in for sports, and especially for own health. We need to build a complex system that would contribute to sports skills development of children, that should allow to distinguish among them talented and promising athletes from an early age, beginning with pre-school institutions, where there are practically no classes of physical training today. How to be correctly and properly engaged in such prevention measures and on whom to rely to a greater extent — on medicine, health care, doctors or yet on ourselves? All these aspects were covered in the interview with Nikolay Kharitonov, chairman of the State Duma Committee on regional policy and the North and the Far East problems.