The present article analyzes demographic situation in Moscow. It focuses on such topical demographic problems of the city population as migration, birth rate, marriage, length of life, population aging. The author considers the problem of low birth rate as one of the key ones in demographic development of Moscow, without solution of which in many respects it is impossible to cope with the other demographic problems of the capital, such as depopulation of the indigenous population, deformation of the population age structure, reduction of the traditional marriage value. The article presents statistical data characterizing demographic processes in Moscow, it identifies the main trends, evaluates the consequences.
The article presents a comparative analysis of various forecast options of major demographic indicators dynamics for Russia up to 2030. Data of Rosstat and the UNO forecasts are used. Assumptions underlying forecasts are analyzed and possible dynamics of fertility and mortality indicators are assessed. The article also examines, based on the index method, the contribution of various birth-rate components (fertility intensity, proportion of reproductive age women and the age structure of reproductive contingent) in the overall dynamics of this indicator.
The main objective of the round table “Radical improvement of public health — an essential condition of the Russian society and economy modernization” is deeper understanding of the health systems impact on the state of population health and critical analysis of the latest evidence on effective strategies for improving health systems functioning with regard to increasing demands to ensure their sustainability and the principle of solidarity.
What is important for the state: 100 thousand rubles or a person’s life? It is difficult to find a cheaper way to preserve a person’s life.
Convergence of births rate and mortality in recent years has allowed Russia to pass on to the process of increasing the country’s population.