On Catastrophic Increase in Mortality and Measures to Save the People in Russia

DOI: https://doi.org/ 10.33917/es-5.179.2021.6-15 

How is it that in Russia, unlike in other countries, during the coronavirus pandemic the total mortality increased by a record amount and the income and consumption of the population decreased to the greatest extent? The point is that the crisis, caused by the coronavirus pandemic, is completely different from previous ones. It highlights the dilemma: should we use forces and means to prevent an economic recession with lower costs for anti-crisis measures, or focus on saving people’s lives while minimizing additional mortality and maintaining real incomes of the population? Each country, depending on objectives, prevailing conditions and opportunities, chooses its “golden mean”. In many cases such choice is not fully conscious, since it’s not possible to forecast with any certainty even over the near term. Decisions have to be taken up along the way, based on the situation and assessing the probability of certain events, including in view of the other countries’  experience in combating the pandemic.

Strategy of Socio-Demographic Development of Russia and the Main Guidelines for Social Doctrine of the Russian Federation in 2025–2030

DOI: https://doi.org/10.33917/es-4.178.2021.14-21

The article analyzes the current situation and long-term strategy in the sphere of fertility and mortality in Russia. Methodology for elaborating the social doctrine of the Russian Federation in 2025–2030 is addressed

On Catastrophic Increase in Mortality and Measures to Save the People in Russia

DOI: https://doi.org/10.33917/es-4.178.2021.6-13

How is it that in Russia, unlike in other countries, during the coronavirus pandemic the total mortality increased by a record amount and the income and consumption of the population decreased to the greatest extent? The point is that the crisis, caused by the coronavirus pandemic, is completely different from previous ones. It highlights the dilemma: should we use forces and means to prevent an economic recession with lower costs for anti-crisis measures, or focus on saving people’s lives while minimizing additional mortality and maintaining real incomes of the population? Each country, depending on objectives, prevailing conditions and opportunities, chooses its “golden mean”. In many cases such choice is not fully conscious, since it’s not possible to forecast with any certainty even over the near term. Decisions have to be taken up along the way, based on the situation and assessing the probability of certain events, including in view of the other countries’  experience in combating the pandemic.

Socio-economic problems of health care in the Republic of Bashkortostan

In the article the state of health care development in the Russian Federation (RF), the Volga Federal District (PFD) and the Republic of Bashkortostan (RB) is analyzed. The study applied indicators of the development of health economics. The target values ​​for 2018 and 2020, reflected in the “Forecast of the long-term socio-economic development of the Russian Federation for the period up to 2030,” were used as the criteria parameters. This document was developed by the Ministry of Economic Development of the Russian Federation. The preliminary assessment of the implementation of the planned indicators of the development of health care in the Russian Federation revealed that in 2015, target indicators for reducing the mortality rate of the population from neoplasms and road accidents were not achieved. In addition, the analysis showed that the ratio of wages of doctors and medical employees to the average wage in the region is below target values, they differ in the regions of the Russian Federation, the Volga Federal District and the categories of employees. The existing problems in health care are solvable only in the conditions of a constant increase in expenditures in this social sphere.

General Trends and Topical Issues of Moscow Demographic Development

#1. Theodicy of the Future
General Trends and Topical Issues of Moscow Demographic Development

The present article analyzes demographic situation in Moscow. It focuses on such topical demographic problems of the city population as migration, birth rate, marriage, length of life, population aging. The author considers the problem of low birth rate as one of the key ones in demographic development of Moscow, without solution of which in many respects it is impossible to cope with the other demographic problems of the capital, such as depopulation of the indigenous population, deformation of the population age structure, reduction of the traditional marriage value. The article presents statistical data characterizing demographic processes in Moscow, it identifies the main trends, evaluates the consequences.

Comparative Analysis of Demographic Processes Forecasts in Russia up to 2030

#5. Space Like a Punishment
Comparative Analysis of Demographic Processes Forecasts in Russia up to 2030

The article presents a comparative analysis of various forecast options of major demographic indicators dynamics for Russia up to 2030. Data of Rosstat and the UNO forecasts are used. Assumptions underlying forecasts are analyzed and possible dynamics of fertility and mortality indicators are assessed. The article also examines, based on the index method, the contribution of various birth-rate components (fertility intensity, proportion of reproductive age women and the age structure of reproductive contingent) in the overall dynamics of this indicator.

Radical Improvement of Public Health — an Essential Condition of the Russian Society and Economy Modernization

#3. Countdown
Radical Improvement of Public Health — an Essential Condition of the Russian Society and Economy Modernization

The main objective of the round table “Radical improvement of public health — an essential condition of the Russian society and economy modernization” is deeper understanding of the health systems impact on the state of population health and critical analysis of the latest evidence on effective strategies for improving health systems functioning with regard to increasing demands to ensure their sustainability and the principle of solidarity.

Overcoming Depopulation in Russia: For the First Time in the Last 20 Years the Birth Rate Equaled the Mortality

#3. Conceptual viruses

What is important for the state: 100 thousand rubles or a person’s life? It is difficult to find a cheaper way to preserve a person’s life.

Overcoming Depopulation in Russia: For the First Time in 20 Years the Birth Rate Equaled the Mortality

#2. The Ice Age

Convergence of births rate and mortality in recent years has allowed Russia to pass on to the process of increasing the country’s population.