The article deals with scientific staff’s emigration and immigration, including the practice of engaging leading foreign scientists. The authors propose concrete arrangements to form points of growth in the Russian system of science and education.
The article describes technical and economic issues of providing defense potential in the aerospace sector under in conditions of increasing military and technological challenges and threats and implementing the strategy of import substitution. The paper presents analysis of the information-technological problems of development of domestic military-industrial complex enterprises — developers of aerospace defense systems, it identifies reserves for increasing their efficiency through introducing integrated information systems. On the example of “VNIIRT” JSC the paper presents prospects for implementing the lean manufacturing concept on the basis of product lifecycle management technology. It gives comparative characteristics of cooperation business models in the defense industry both in foreign countries and in Russia. The article identifies technological and organizational-economic factors of developing cooperation of the final integrators, sub-integrators and components suppliers in the military products manufacturing. It sets out system-forming elements of a risk-oriented approach to forming co-operation in the defense-industrial complex. The authors propose a mathematical model of risk indicator for the company-finalist when choosing the composition of enterprises participating in cooperation, based on aggregation of private indicators of scientific and technical, industrial and technological, financial and economic risks. They formulate long-term objectives for the proposed approach implementation with application of neural network technology.
The article presents comparative analysis results of national models of the defense industry strategic development in the United States, Western Europe and China. It examines the influence of the national mentality, national business culture and existing business traditions in the countries under consideration on integration processes development in the defense industry, organizational forms applied and mechanisms. The article dwells on characteristics of the civil-military integration mechanisms, public-private partnerships and inter-ethnic cooperation, reveals features of their implementation in different countries of the world. It presents conclusions on the possibility of adapting the advanced foreign experience to domestic practice of strategic management of the defense industry development.