Robots, Digital Twins of People, Dialectical Models of Society and Economics

DOI: 10.33917/es-5.171.2020.58-67

Demographic crisis remains one of the main challenges to socio-economic development of Russia. The COVID–19 pandemic

has aggravated preconditions for a possible recovery from depopulation. The present article substantiates the need to develop and approve the RF social doctrine upon completion of national projects in 2018–2024. The authors suggest their own approach to overcoming the socio-demographic crisis with regard to the long-term demographic dynamics in Russia. Various scenarios of the “post-coronavirus” future of both specific countries and the world as a whole are proposed

On the Need to Change Methodology of Calculating Labour Productivity

#6. For the High Norm
On the Need to Change Methodology of Calculating Labour Productivity

In May 2018 the Decree of the RF President formulated the task: an increase in labour productivity at the enterprises of basic non-primary sectors of the economy by at least 5% per year. Obviously, key performance indicators (KPIs) of companies with state participation should include this indicator. But this is hampered by imperfection of both the methods of calculating the indicator itself and the calculating methodology for the integral indicator of the companies’ KPI. In the article, the author cites a number of inaccuracies (defaults) in the traditional calculation of labour productivity and suggests a new approach to its calculation.

On the System Economics Basis Formation

#7. Foresight Boom
On the System Economics Basis Formation

Authors propose a new idea of the economic theory construction as a more systematic and reasonable. The authors divide the economics into five levels: nanoeconomics, microeconomics, mezoeconomics, macroeconomics and megaeconomics. Nanoeconomics is considered as economics of intellectual capital, intellectual property and innovations. Nanoeconomics is the systemic basis for all other economics, ensuing from it by meaning and substance. In the article there is noted the increasing significance of legal factor in modern economic theory and practice and, in particular, the IP law importance.

On the Macroeconomic Nature of the Strategic Development Objectives of Efficient Balanced Macroeconomic Systems

#2. Noah’s Caste
On the Macroeconomic Nature of the Strategic Development Objectives of Efficient Balanced Macroeconomic Systems

The purpose of the article is to justify theoretically the possibility of achieving the maximum social efficiency of public spending, investment and taxes in perfect balanced open economic system. Ideally, the proposed model ( “zero losses” of public spending and investment social efficiency) can always lead to the maximum possible rate of economic growth, which allows to substantiate the main directions of the appropriate macroeconomic (financial, tax and fiscal) policy.

Cities of Strategic Importance. Dedicated to the Association of Closed Cities

#6. Territory Without Aims?
Cities of Strategic Importance. Dedicated to the Association of Closed Cities

This paper describes the concept of closed administrative-territorial formations (CATF) development. Solution of the problems described in the article the author sees in the system approach, including general organizational issues regarding CATF both in legal and economic aspects, as well as technological planning, viewed in the format of the innovation system. It is proposed to form a basis for the innovative economy construction in the format of the state strategic planning of the nuclear industry with active use of industrial sites throughout the whole CATF system.

Non-Economic Facets of the Economy: the Unknown Interference

#1. Hollywood as a password

In my opinion, the market overcomes the state because they put an equals sign between business and economy. Business exists within the economy, but not equals to it. And only the state responsible for the economy and for the fates of people, as opposed to business, responsible only for the fate of profits, is capable to represent the interests of society as a whole.