The article examines the life expectancy dynamics in Russia in its historic perspective. It analyzes its differences in men and women. The main attention is paid to studying the causes of extremely low life span in Russia compared to other countries. The paper substantiates the ways of priority increasing not only common but also healthy life time, which largely determines the retirement age.
Convergence of births rate and mortality in recent years has allowed Russia to pass on to the process of increasing the country’s population.
Russia needs at least five percent growth so that in a historically foreseeable future — the lifetime of the current working generation (20-30 years) to reach, by economic and social indicators, the leading civilized countries standing on a par with the most developed countries in the world