The article dwells on actual problems — increase in the volatility of the ruble exchange rate and its depreciation in 2018. At the same time, it is assumed that dynamics of the ruble exchange rate in general reflects the underlying economic processes (including abroad). Before the economic crisis that began in 2008, the ruble exchange rate for many years was mainly strengthening, and its volatility was relatively low. The situation has changed because the economies of a number of countries (in particular, Russia) have entered into a long, difficult period. So, for about a decade, the Russian economy has been showing slow growth. At the same time, the ruble exchange rate tends to depreciate. This allows the authors to assume that dynamics of the ruble exchange rate, which passed from a long upward to a downward stage about ten years ago, may be associated with a similar transition of the economy of Russia and some other countries to a downward stage (in N.D. Kondratieff terminology). The article analyzes a number of approaches to the problems of “long waves” in the economy and a conclusion is drawn up on the necessity to develop the RF monetary strategy (taking into account long-term macroeconomic processes).
The article is investigating structural changes in the economy before these shifts are reflected in well-known statistical indicators. It dwells on the changes in the economy that occurred in 2011–2015 based on the data from relatively big companies in Russia from SPARK group. The method proposed by the authors shows the presence of structural shifts in the period under study. The article also discusses possible consequences of structural shifts for development of regional economy and the budget system of Russia.
Research is focused on the problems of forming a qualitatively new model for monitoring, planning and coordination of monetary-financial and commodity policy in management of Russia’s national foreign exchange reserves (including regulation of bimetallic matrixes fluctuation dynamics of gold and silver spreads) with the agreed course of a particular currency, on terms and conditions (zones and so on) of circulation in Russia and the EAEU as a combinatorially expandable space. Identifying overt and latent characteristics of typical or atypical fluctuations of Russian monetary-financial markets dynamics is considered as the basis for preparation and execution of subsequent effective operational stabilization measures by subdivisions of corresponding Russian (in the long term — Eurasian-allied) federal agencies, commercial banks and others. It is expected to expand and deepen network situational analysis space in the financial sector to develop the system protective measures against speculative attacks, as well as against sanctions or other discriminatory actions of foreign structures.
A series of terrorist attacks in Paris, plane crashes, explosions in different cities around the world, a terrorist war against the legitimate government in Syria, the terror in Russia’s North Caucasus — all these phenomena called forth the problem of ongoing processes of the terrorist component expansion in the global geo-strategic players’ activities like regularity pattern manifesting the systemic crisis of the western world order model. Geostrategic nature of terrorist operations is an integral part of the globalized competition in contemporary geo-economic and geopolitical environment. It is necessary to comprehend the new macro-terroristic reality and to develop measures to confront qualitatively new risks and threats to our country’s security and whole world’s.
The paper analyzes the crowdsourcing possibilities in predicting the future and developing solutions. The author distinguishes types of crowdsourcing, discusses its psychological characteristics in comparison with the other methods of knowledge management. He discusses cognitive and motivational mechanisms limiting the effectiveness of crowdsourcing as a form of collective intelligence.
To answer numerous questions about the future price dynamics the author carries out a research in the field of cyclical energy resources consumption and cyclical changes in their prices and concludes that the pricing loop will be tightened enough. In this regard, the author believes that the global economy will choose the path of more quick decrease in the world oil price and the lack of need for providing global oil demand by developing new, more expensive fields.
Development and approval of certain strategic planning documents today is irrelevant without development and legislative consolidation of the entire complex of documents, tools and organization of strategic planning.
In order to improve the system of prediction of socioeconomic development in the regions the practice of developing multivariant prediction with application of information technologies is introduced.