The article, for the first time in the domestic economic literature, presents results of the institutional-economic analysis of the unique phenomenon of the new technological order economy — digital platforms (DPs). Digital platform is positioned by the authors as a mediatory transaction institute (organizational attractor), functioning in a hybrid reality. Given the innovative nature of unique features inherent in the digital platforms and the lack of academic research on this topic, it can be stated that DPs are of particular interest for economic science and business practices.
Crisis processes in the economy are often presented as consequences of external factors, and not of inefficient state decisions. The authors of the article propose to consider the economy as a complicated multi-factor system, which should be influenced through state economic regulation. The forthcoming digital transformation of economic processes and immersion of all economic entities in the digital space bring both opportunities and threats for the Russian Federation. Digital images of subjects and digital traces of their interactions in the course of economic processes are beginning to acquire value, becoming digital assets. Using a platform approach in the economy at the state level, on the one hand, will ensure digital sovereignty of the country, and on the other hand it will allow to use digital assets as an accurate and operative information base for modeling economic processes that will provide quality and effectiveness of the state regulation.