Basics of building a methodology for creating unique products

DOI: 10.33917/mic-2.91.2020.13-22

In the current economic conditions, characterized by the introduction of new digital information technologies, the processes of development and production of unique products are undergoing significant changes. The article considers the models and sequence of stages of the product life cycle, the author formed the basis of a comprehensive methodology for creating unique products, including a set of economic mechanisms and tools that can be developed in the form of an applies software solution.

Tectoeconomics is the Forerunner of All Social Production Economies

DOI: 10.33917/es-2.168.2020.40-49

Based on elaborated concept of reviving the culture of industrial consumption of resources, an attempt is made to prove the existence of tectoeconomics resulting from tectology — a universal organizational science. Tectoeconomics is understood as the art of conducting business as well as other creative activities based on selection and implementation of decisions to streamline the processes of creating and consuming material and spiritual goods. It is shown that the possibilities for socioeconomic growth should be sought in cultural origins. On the basis of perceptions on tectoeconomics, the author has identified one of the main structural and organizational shortcomings of domestic economy, which does not contain in the trade sphere a specific industrial branch in the form of a system of culture-forming service material centers, eliminating the own procurement production of finished products producers and contributing to intensive growth of the middle class. The article is commemorating the 100th anniversary of publishing the main work of the national thinker, encyclopedic scientist Alexander A. Bogdanov “Tectology. General organizational science”. In the Belarusian magazine OnAir No. 7 (104) 2018, was published an article by N.V. Kostyukovich “Two lives of Alexander Bogdanov”

Thorny Path or Why the State Should Not “Wait” for the Digital Platforms Advent

DOI: 10.33917/es-6.164.2019.106-113

Era of digital changes concerns everybody. Under the slogan of digitalization government bodies have begun implementation of national projects understood mainly as creation of GIS, infrastructure and electronic services. Big business, sensing new profitable opportunities, is trying its hand in building platforms and developing new technologies, gradually filling up the digital space and leaving less and less space for implementing the duties, assigned to state bodies by the Constitution, in new economic environment. At the same time, there is a growing expansion of “our Western partners”, especially in industry areas. Only small and medium-sized businesses remained aloof from digitalization — this segment of economy has simply got neither desire nor the capital. The state bodies’ operation according to old patterns, expectation that business will draft and develop everything on its own, and ministries and departments will only have to choose and promote the “best cases”, generating presentations on forums instead of real steps demonstrates confusion of our “digital leaders”, the lack of clear vision of the existing processes transformation and further development of public administration in the context of digital economy. We call your attention to an article that will reveal the approach to creating a new economic management model — state digital platforms. Described solutions are shown by the authors using the example of the transport and logistics complex of the Russian Federation

Digitalization of Economy and Energy Sector: Prospects and Problems

DOI: 10.33917/es-6.164.2019.96-105

The article discusses the main prospects and problems of developing digitalization concept not only of Industry 4.0 (fourth generation), but also of all units of the new civilization based on energy-informational conception of ecos — our planetary home, including the economy (economic activity system), ecology (system of harmonization of human relations with the environment) and energy sector as a system of life support and vital activity itself in this house

Digital Economy in the Strategy of Production Integration in Russia

DOI: 10.33917/es-4.162.2019.18-24

The article formulates conceptual provisions revealing the strategy of production integration in the context of the Russian economy digitalization; the paper justifies the logic of its formation as a socio-economic vector, contributing to creation of the digital economy, ensuring the growth of competitive advantages of Russian enterprises and the economy as a whole; the author reviews foreign experience of the strategy of production integration and integrated structures formation, which should be taken into account in domestic practice; the article analyzes functional strategies of production integration in the Russian economy; the paper substantiates the role of cluster integration, contributing to creation of innovative territorial clusters as a growth factor for the digital economy, which contributes to creating and applying digital technologies, as well as to formation of a new digital platform in the production integration strategy with the aim of improving social and economic situation in the Russian Federation

Methodology of Plan Development Based on Digital Economy Tools

DOI: 10.33917/es-4.162.2019.6-17

The article deals with insufficiently explored fundamental methodological problem of creating a unified enterprise plan. Currently, plans/budgets are generated based on a variety of separate forms from various aspects of production and business activities, and combining them into a single document is practically impossible. The existing enterprise plan has got quite a formal role. In the current situation, a transition from forming separate documents to creating a single plan in the subjects of the real sector of economy is required in order to assess the whole range of tasks and goals of socio-economic development with regard to all the resources necessary for their implementation. Creating a single plan is a task of an extremely high level of complexity, which is solved by means of coding (digitizing) various information by all indicators and business operations with them, reflecting the business activities in business processes, as well as through significantly changing the structure of the plan, implementing compliance functions

Quantum of the Production Digitization

#1. Minds Confusion
Quantum of the Production Digitization

Today, society is moving from generating income through digital platforms to digitizing the means of production at all levels. Transformation of the former monopoly enterprises into more competitive and flexible structures is the means and goal of the digitalization process. Politicians of 2017 provide the legal and institutional basis for the Russian entrepreneurs’ global leadership in the field of digital solutions. Successful implementation focuses on three main areas: expanding national economic opportunities, drawing regions together with the help of digital infrastructure and identifying trends in the global digital order. Trade, of course, is associated with the network, which is one of the synonyms used to describe the virtual sphere in certain languages. Trade and market are organically non-hierarchical and open classical structures. Synchronization of the digital space is carried out in bilateral and multilateral forums. The main issue is balancing digital sovereignty and security of national users with integration into the global economy. Eliminating the block structure in economy and simplifying networks is part of the digital revolution. A new form of development is the geo-economic model of a cluster network.

New Strategy of Industrial Policy and Its Role in Modernization of the Russian Economy

#7. Connected Space
New Strategy of Industrial Policy and Its Role in Modernization of the Russian Economy

The article defines the essence of industrial police in the context of the main challenge — objective necessity of modernization of the Russian economy; special attention is given to three debatable aspects of elaboration of the new strategy of industrial police: defining its strategic goal, choice of strategic model of industrial development, defining the main directions of industrial policy. The key importance of the main statements of the Presidential Message to the Federal Assembly for handling these problems is underlined.

The Educational Potential of the Book of Memoirs and Reflections of Generations “We Remember…” in the Environment of Digital Economy

#4. Until the Thunder Breaks Out
The Educational Potential of the Book of Memoirs and Reflections of Generations “We Remember…” in the Environment of Digital Economy

In the article, the problem of the new individual as presented in research-based and philosophical-economic literature is analyzed as well its influence on the consciousness and the behavior in the digital age. Different point of view are represented on the problem of turning the individual into a cyborg in the environment of the digital economy which increases GDP but narrows the personal space and threatens the essence of the human being. In the article, the hope of creating the Russian scenario of the development of the future is expressed which is based on IT-technologies and traditional national values in the process of which the significant role is played by the system of raising the future generations. The book of memoirs and reflections “We Remember…” is an effective instrument of instilling spiritual, moral and patriotic values, development of creativity and the internal culture of the youth in the digital environment.

Forming Organizational and Information Management Mechanisms Building a Digital Economy in Russia

#3. For Nothing, or an Invisible Threat
Forming Organizational and Information Management Mechanisms Building a Digital Economy in Russia

Successful development of our country is closely connected with the option of creating a digital economy in Russia. Herewith, one of the most important components of this process is creation of supporting infrastructure for the digital economy as a convergent aggregate of digital ecosystems based on “big data” technologies, quantum computers, new production methods and artificial intelligence. Development of the Russian economy requires effective state regulation, increased manageability based on introduction of digital platforms for the main sectors of economy. The article dwells on formation of strategic mechanisms for monitoring, planning and market regulation of the Russian economy on the basis of building an integrated system of electronic markets for commodity resources using electronic trading platforms (ETP). Integrating ETP for creation of a complex system of electronic markets for commodity resources, associated with digital management platforms for major industries, creates new opportunities for optimizing dynamic interaction and adaptive improvement of commodity management transactions chains for creating a common logic of management processes in different commodity and market spaces and at all levels of management in Russia (and EAEU), which form the demand for issuing support of economic activity and volumes of financial resources (assets), denominated in a particular currency of one of the states — members of the EAEU.