On Modernization of Information Services for the National Economy Production Cluster

DOI: https://doi.org/10.33917/es-2.176.2021.128-133

The purpose of the present article is to draw the specialists’ attention to the fact that in order to create a self-sufficient and competitive national economy, it is necessary to start developing a new generation information service, primarily for its production cluster. The submission discusses how this can be done

Digital Citizen and Digital Society: the Impact of Individual and Society on Achieving National Strategic Goals

DOI: https://doi.org/10.33917/es-2.176.2021.22-37

Russia faces a critical choice. The world civilizational shift objectively determines the new roles of the individual, society, state and new models of their relationships and mutual influences. The digital citizen and the digital society are becoming the main factors of success in achieving national strategic goals, the balance of individual and social development forms the social order of the 21st century in Russia

On the Role of Communication Environment for Creating Industrial Products

DOI: 10.33917/es-1.175.2021.122-127

The article discusses the place and role of a new generation of communication environment in the industrial products creation. At the same time it is proposed to distinguish, when describing and placing in the software environment, products for production purposes and final consumption products for the population. For industrial products the function of developing a “building material” and technologies of declared for development of end-use products of all types is defined. The level of industrial products development also determines the development level of the economy as a whole, its self-sufficiency and competitiveness. An approach to developing a communication environment for industrial products as the basis for a cluster of the modern version of “Silicon Valley” is considered

Institutional Barriers to the Innovations Introduction in Implementing the “Digital Economy of the Russian Federation” Program

DOI: 10.33917/es-8.174.2020.36-43

The institutional environment study makes it possible in an era of high uncertainty to identify patterns that impede changes, implementation of which currently determines not only performance indicators, but is also critical for survival. Based on analysis of the current state of the digital economy development in the Russian Federation, taking into account experience of the first half of 2020, as well as approaches to organization and performance indicators of the “Digital Economy of the Russian Federation” national program, assumptions are made regarding the main components of the institutional environment for digital transformation. Institutional barriers, that impede economic growth as a result of increased informatization of processes, were compared. The main reason for the formation of institutional barriers is considered to be the low speed of response, the delay in transformation of the institutional environment in relation to establishment that ensures the maximum positive effect of applying digital technologies

The Problem of Unemployment in the Digital Economy

DOI: 10.33917/es-7.173.2020.110-117

The article analyzes a special type of unemployment, the occurrence of which is associated with the development of the digital economy. Shown are the main problems that digital can bring to social life and the fate of an individual worker. Chief among these problems is that with the further digital transformation of the economy, more and more jobs may be threatened with extinction, and the disappearance of old jobs this time will not be accompanied by the emergence of new ones. A situation may arise when workers released due to digitalization will become not only unemployed, but also generally inoperable. A global question arises — what to do with those who do not work, and how to support them? It also examines the related measures of population regulation and global mechanisms for managing demographic processes.

Classification of Artificial Intelligence Systems

DOI: 10.33917/es-6.172.2020.58-67

The article considers the classification of Artificial Intelligence (AI) systems. The role of AI has increased significantly recently in all areas of life. The use of AI in public administration, in production, in medicine, in the military, in the social sphere, etc., raised a number of questions related to the definition of AI and classification of AI systems. Classification of AI is necessary to understand the role of AI in the digital economy. Classification becomes important in the context of intensive development of international standards for AI systems and knowledge-based systems (expert, neural, multi-agent, cyber-physical systems and systems based on the industrial Internet)

Digital Economy: Problems and Solutions

DOI: 10.33917/es-5.171.2020.51-57

The article examines the role and importance of international information standards in the digital economy. The importance of standards in building a single digital space as a key element of the digital economy is shown. Particular attention is paid to international standards of integration on the level of ontology, semantics and languages of interaction of information systems. The structure of the standards of the European initiative in the digital economy — “Industry 4.0”, as well as the development of the digital economy in the directions: Digital Corporation and Digital Industry. The possible directions of the development and application of information standards within the digital economy are defined

Methodological problems of determining the resource support activities of the national program «Digital economy»

DOI: 10.33917/mic-6.89.2019. 14-21

The purpose of this work is to substantiate methodological approaches to determining the cost of activities of the national program «Digital economy of the Russian Federation». The article presents an analysis of the compliance of this program with the requirements for the structure and content of state programs established in the «Guidelines for the development and implementation of state programs of the Russian Federation» (enacted by the order of the Ministry of economic development of the Russian Federation dated December 26, 2012 № 817). As a result, the main shortcomings were identified and proposals were formulated to improve the level of validity of the main indicators-the volume of financial resources and economic efficiency of measures.

The paper proposes a methodological approach to determining the cost of major activities of major national programs. As a method of solving the problem, it is proposed to use not one but two methods, namely, expert and correlation-regression analysis.

Assessment of the needs of companies in support systems for effective management decisions

DOI: 10.33917/mic-6.89.2019.22-30

The article discusses current issues of making effective management decisions using the management decision support system and identifying key indicators and indicators characterizing the needs of companies in using these systems. Within the framework of these questions, the results obtained as a result of the implementation of the state program “Digital economy of the Russian Federation”, including the use of Industry 4.0 technologies, are considered. The implementation of the objectives of this program is possible only under the condition of diversification of production, which should be preceded by a number of measures, united in the concept of “diversification management”, discussed in detail in the article. Based on the analysis, key indicators and indicators are identified that allow to characterize the needs of the company and society in decision support systems.

Basics of building a methodology for creating unique products

DOI: 10.33917/mic-2.91.2020.13-22

In the current economic conditions, characterized by the introduction of new digital information technologies, the processes of development and production of unique products are undergoing significant changes. The article considers the models and sequence of stages of the product life cycle, the author formed the basis of a comprehensive methodology for creating unique products, including a set of economic mechanisms and tools that can be developed in the form of an applies software solution.