Methodological features of structuring the subjects of the Russian gas industry

DOI: 10.33917/mic-4.105.2022.45-52

The article is devoted to approaches to structuring the subjects of the Russian gas industry taking into account the role of the gas industry in the state economy and its unique features. The article discusses global challenges for the Russian gas industry in the conditions of energy transition. An analysis of the structuring of the subjects of the gas industry of Russia is being carried out; foreign experience is being considered with the identification of key features. An author’s approach to structuring the subjects of the gas industry of Russia is offered, combining the strengths of Russian and foreign approaches.

References:

1. The degree of depreciation of fixed assets at the end of 2020. Rosstat. URL: https://gks.ru/free_doc/new_site/business/osnfond/STIZN_ved.htm

2. Report «Functioning and development of the Russian fuel and energy complex in 2019», Ministry of Energy of the Russian Federation, 2020. URL: https://minenergo.gov.ru/view-pdf/18288/120837

3. Overview of the gas transportation segment. Finam, 2003. URL: https://www.finam.ru/international/imdaily/my-predstavlyaem-pervoe-issledovanie-po-rossiiyskoiy-gazovoiy-monopolii-v-kotorom-namerenno-neproporcionalno-malo-vnimaniya-udeleno- vsem-segmentam-deyatelnosti-gazproma-za-isklyucheniem-transportirovki-gaza-20030528-11590/#005

4. Henderson J., Mitrova T. Gas pricing in Russia. Moscow School of Management Skolkovo, 2017. URL: https://energy.skolkovo.ru/downloads/documents/SEneC/research02.pdf

5. Konoplyanik A. The LNG market is a driver of change // Oil and gas vertical. 2018;23-24. URL: http://www.ngv.ru/upload/iblock/9ba/9bac65588895ab30a462661d657f76ae.pdf

6. Tuz A. Europe’s path to decarbonization //IPG Electronic Journal, 04/12/2021. URL: https://www.ipg-journal.io/rubriki/ehkologija-i-ustoichivoe-razvitie/put-evropy-k-dekarbonizacii-1277/

7. Vatyukova O.Yu. Organizational and functional structure of the gas industry: a positive analysis // New science: problems and prospects. 2016;51(79):70-80. (In Russ.).

Ensuring Sustainability of Territorial Housing Markets in a Turbulent Economy (on the Example of the Penza Region)

DOI: https://doi.org/10.33917/es-3.183.2022.110-121

The article provides a comprehensive structural analysis of ensuring stability for the territorial housing market in a turbulent economy on the example of the Penza region. The study was carried out in the following fields: structure of developers, volumes and dynamics of construction, the price range of new buildings. In addition, financial express analysis of the main developers in the region was carried out in order to identify their financial stability over the forecast horizon in the face of economic uncertainty. As a separate segment of the research, it is accepted to study dynamics of the main parameters of the mortgage territorial market as the main regulator of the housing market development. Formulated conclusions provide an opportunity to the subjects of the territorial housing market to form innovative individual corporate and government strategies of sustainable development for the short term in a turbulent economy.

Источники:

1. Asaul A.N., Asaul M.A., Starinskii V.N., Shcherbina G.F. Analiz i prognozirovanie rynka [Analysis and Forecasting of the Market]. Moscow, Yurait, 2022, 296 p. (Vysshee obrazovanie).

2. Asaul A.N., Starinskii V.N., Mamedov Sh.M., Shcherbina G.F. Analiz i prognozirovanie rynochnoi kon”yunktury [Analysis and Forecasting of Market Conditions]. Saint-Petersburg, ANO “Institut problem ekonomicheskogo vozrozhdeniya”, 2018, 464 p.

3. Asaul A.N., Asaul M.A., Lyulin P.B., Chepachenko N.V. Trendy zhilishchnogo stroitel’stva v Rossii i srednesrochnyi prognoz [Housing Construction Trends in Russia and Medium-term Forecast]. Problemy prognozirovaniya, 2019, no 3, pp. 111–117.

4. Asaul A. N., Asaul M. A., Liulin P. B., Chepachenko N.V. Housing Construction in Russia: Trends and Medium-Range Forecasts. Studies on Russian Economic Development, 2019, vol. 30, N 3, pp. 313–318, DOI 10.1134/S1075700719030055.

5. Baronin S.A., Kulakov K.Yu. Genezis upravleniya stoimost’yu kontraktov zhiznennogo tsikla ob”ekta kapital’nogo stroitel’stva i stoimosti vladeniya nedvizhimost’yu [Genesis of Managing the Cost of Life Cycle Contracts for a Capital Construction Object and the Cost of Real Estate Ownership]. Nedvizhimost’: ekonomika, upravlenie, 2020, no 1, pp. 10–14.

6. Baronin S.A., Kulakov K.Yu., Timofeev K. P. Teoriya i praktika upravleniya konkurentosposobnost’yu na pervichnykh zhilishchnykh rynkakh po segment kompanii-liderov [Theory and Practice of Managing Competitiveness in Primary Housing Markets in the Segment of Leading Companies]. Penza, Penzenskii gosudarstvennyi universitet arkhitektury i stroitel’stva, 2017, 156 p.

7. Baronin S., Kulakov K. Development of life cycle valuation with priority of national projects and energy efficiency. E3S Web of Conferences. Rostov-on-Don, October 20–23, 2020. Rostov-on-Don, 2020, p. 07006, DOI 10.1051/e3sconf/202021707006.

8. Buzyrev V.V., Selyutina L.G. Zhilishchnaya problema i puti ee resheniya v sovremennykh usloviyakh [Housing Problem and Ways of Its Solution in Modern Conditions]. Saint-Petersburg, Izd-vo Sankt-Peterburgskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, 2013, 335 p.

Digitalization: Sociology and Law, Concept and Practice of Socialization

DOI: https://doi.org/10.33917/es-1.181.2022.6-19

The article highlights the short history of the Russian and world digitalization in details, focusing on the identified problems and priorities, which must be resolved if to successfully build and further effectively function information society in all its aspects.

The theoretical part has formed important opinions and ideas about the topic under study and shows that the spread of digital technology in all spheres of life is evidence of an active stage in the transition of human civilization from an industrial development stage to a digital one with social reality relevant to it. An analysis to identify the process of digitalizing human civilization’s linear development vector based on creating an indicative planning system allowed the author to conclude that there is a long-awaited transition to a purposeful scientific management of society and the state.

As it follows from the title of the article, legal coverage and all-round socialization are dominant in providing a successful solution to many challenges of digitalization. Russia’s political class is fully aware of the need to develop legal provisions, which are able to successfully prevent and mitigate possible threats to information society. It is primarily about the data breach related to both the functioning of the State and corporate/personal data. But the proposed draft legal acts of various kinds do not provide enough insight into how these protective, desirably preventive measures will be globally and nationally ensured.

Digitalization offers great opportunities for a rapid economic and social recovery to society. Developing information and communication technology gives an unprecedented rise in productivity, creates new forms of work organization, ensures conditions for increased trade in goods and services, offers infinite possibilities for education, communication between representatives of various societies and cultures, community commitment and network. The challenges of digitalization are so complicated that they do not seem possible to be solved by legal precedents without enhancing the population’s moral upbringing. The efforts of the really responsible citizens, the users of digital technology, the Internet initially can only effectively confront a new global digital environment in which there are opportunities to act rather immorally while at the same time anonymously and with impunity. We shall have to act gradually, but as strict as possible in the domestic and international legalization of the “digital environment”, paying a special attention to its moral dimension and the creation of particular barriers for ethical violations.

Источники:

 

1. Moiseev N.N. S myslyami o budushchem Rossii [Thinking About the Future of Russia]. Moscow, Fond sodeistviya razvitiyu sotsial’nykh i politicheskikh nauk, 1997, pp. 59–60.

2. Pochemu Mask ne da Vinchi. Kasperskaya — o tsifrovom kontrole i “kloune” iz SShA [Why Musk is not da Vinci. Mrs Kaspersky — About Digital Control and the “Clown” from the USA]. Argumenty i fakty, 2021, June, 25, available at: https://aif.ru/society/web/pochemu_mask_ne_da_vinchi_kasperskaya_-_o_cifrovom_kontrole_i_kloune_iz_ssha.

The Project of Crating a New World Logistics. Part I. History and Economics of the Project

DOI: https://doi.org/10.33917/es-4.178.2021.36-47

The article presents one of the most promising and ambitious in socio-economic, political, humanitarian aspects of the Russian scientists’ project: “United Eurasia: Trans-Eurasian Belt of RAZVITIE — Integrated Eurasian Transport System (United Eurasia: TEBR-IETS)”.

The main purpose of the project is to ensure the connectivity of the territories of the Russian Federation and their active development, first of all, the deep integrated development of Siberia, the Far East and the Arctic. The role of the project in the partnership of the progressive world community is great; the radically modernized Trans-Siberian Railway — the backbone of the project — is designed to connect the Far East, including Japan, with Western Europe and the USA in the future. This fact will make it possible to carry out on the territory of the Russian Federation and the countries included in the project, the systemic coordination of all types of transport, including river and nautical, to create a single world logistics complex of advanced technical and managerial development.

The creation of the IETS will consolidate Russian geopolitical position as a transport bridge between the world economic and civilizational regions. It will create conditions for mutually beneficial cooperation with Austria, Germany, France, Czech Republic, Italy, Japan, South Korea, Singapore, India; will open up new opportunities for cooperation with North Korea, Canada and USA in the future. It will arouse interest from the PRC in the integration of a similar Chinese project, the “Silk Road” with

the Russian Megaproject. The implementation of the Megaproject will allow Russia to offer the world a new effective version of a non-confrontational way of solving international problems, become a geo-economic and geopolitical integrator on the Euro-Asian continent, lay the foundations for the solidarity development of all civilizational centers around Russia as a civilization state, make it senseless and impossible to impose sanctions on Russia, and raise to a qualitatively new level of authority and the role of the Russian Federation in the modern world

Strategic analysis of the development of the educational sphere of the city of Moscow in the XXI century

DOI: 10.33917/mic-1.96.2021.88-102

In the context of the most important legislative acts and documents of strategic planning in Russia, national goals and strategic objectives for the development of the Russian Federation until 2030, the state and prospects for the development of the educational sphere of Moscow in the XXI century are analyzed. Identified external and internal contradictions and challenges to the development of the education sector in the capital of the Russian Federation associated with the dominance of technocratic and liberal – market approaches to strategic planning and education management in the city of Moscow. In this regard, strategic guidelines and prospects for the development of education in the Moscow metropolis in the medium term until 2024 are outlined.

Attributive model of innovative solutions: from theory to practice

DOI: 10.33917/mic-1.96.2021.22-26

The scientific article reveals attributive models of innovative solutions on the example of information technology; the application of multichannel attribution in the field of small and medium-sized businesses has been substantiated, and key principles for the successful strategic development of innovations have been proposed.

Economics and innovations: dialectic of interdependence

DOI: 10.33917/mic-6.95.2020.62-77

The article attempts to analyze the impact of general economic situation in national economy of Russia on innovative industrial development. The impact of innovations to industrial production development has shown in the article. We can see stages of innovative development in current Russian economy. The reasons, which are constraining innovative activity, have considered. The government role in stimulating of innovations has analyzed. The presence of private and budgetary components has noted as a qualitative specificity of Russian economy today. We can see the conclusion about necessity of improvement of management organization system of innovative processes.

The theory of shadow prices as a methodological basis of a promising management system in the military-industrial complex

DOI: 10.33917/mic-4.93.2020.57-66

The article discusses the economic feasibility of using modern development in managing the development of enterprises of the defense-industrial complex in the performance of the state defense order of the theory of shadow prices.

Features of the development of a competitive market for the service sector using the example of the Volga Federal District

DOI: 10.33917/mic-3.92.2020.99-104

The article presents the structural features of the competitive market for the service sector using the example of the Volga Federal District; the most active market segments were identified; empirically calculated market volume of paid services. On the basis of net profit indicators and the numerical characteristics of economically significant subjects of the service market, the factors hindering business activity of the level are identified.

The systematization scientific approach to management competitiveness in sphere of the services: economic essence, criteria

DOI: 10.33917/mic-2.91.2020.29-37

In the scientific article scientific approaches to management of competitiveness in sphere of services in which frameworks classification signs of criteria of management are revealed by competitiveness are systematized, concepts of competitiveness and a competition of sphere of services are specified. On the basis of a substantiation of application of a method of the added cost of a share capital (share holder’s value added – SVA); a method of the economic added cost of Stewart (economic value added – EVA); a method of the added market cost (market value added – MVA) the rating estimation of an index of competitiveness GCI on an example Central and Privolzhsky Federal districts is made.