The paper cites forecast data on the dynamics of nuclear power engineering development in the world and Russia, on the NPP needs for operational personnel with regard to the rate of launching new reactors and of old reactors decommissioning. It shows regulatory requirements for NPP personnel, peculiarities of NPP operating personnel training for the position and of maintaining their qualification. The paper analyses possible risks associated with preparation and staffing of operational personnel and their consequences, as well as measures of risks prevention. It describes participation of operating organization in developing new regulatory documents establishing qualification requirements for NPP employees. It also substantiates the idea of forming a centralized unit for NPP staff training.
Author page: Vladimir Kharitonov
In 2013 we celebrate 100 years since the publication of Niels Bohr’s article “On the constitution of atoms and molecules”. With this famous work of Niels Bohr the history of quantum mechanics began, and the atomic model with a massive charged nucleus and moving around it electrons, which Ernest Rutherford offered in 1911, found its physical sense. In connection with these extremely important events in the history of physics the author reminds the readers that a quarter century before the outstanding experiments of Rutherford and revolutionary theory of Niels Bohr the planetary model of atom was first born here, in Russia, in the works of B.N. Chicherin (1828-1904), published in 1888 – 1889 in “The Russian Physical and Chemical Society Journal”.
Nuclear power engineering is “lucky” in the sense that the nuclear reactors on fast neutrons have the ability to produce new artificial fuel in larger quantities than the original natural fuel is burnt.
In the nearest 15 years up to 130 nuclear units could come into operation, from 40 to 80 of which — in Asia, with 15 reactors already under construction. The share of nuclear power in the world energy balance may rise up to 30%.