Author page: Vera Radina

Encoding of Economic Performance Indicators as a Key Factor in the Digital Economy

DOI: 10.33917/es-8.166.2019.102-109

Realization of the national interests of the Russian Federation in the sphere of digital economy, as defined in Decree No. 203 of the President of the Russian Federation of May 9, 2017 “On the Strategy for Development of the Information Society in the Russian Federation for 2017–2030”, is possible through digital encoding of economic performance data and using results of their analysis, which, compared to traditional forms of management, should significantly increase the efficiency of various types of production. This article discusses the encoding principles of various indicators of economic activity and the main mechanism of their relatedness for reflecting data in the new created forms: a digital unified plan and a digital analytical balance. The article presents technology of forming a “digital contract” and “digital documents-bases” for creating an innovative mechanism for automatic reflection of accounting entries in the standard accounting registers and digital management balance

Digital Economy Toolkit for Solving the Problems of Separate Accounting of Financial and Economic Performance Results

DOI: 10.33917/es-5.163.2019.28-39

The main problem of managing economy at the military-industrial complex enterprises is the separate accounting of results of financial and economic activities in terms of introducing separate bank and personal accounts for each contract with the buyer of a particular type of product in order to establish control over the payments costs through the performers’ cooperation chain within the requirements of state regulation of the state defence order. Physical division of financial flows of each defence industry enterprise into separate accounts has already caused sharp increase in the number of accounts – from several ones to one and a half thousand — and to significant increase in debt loan, which doubled in half a year and by July 2019 amounted to more than 2 trillion roubles. The problem is aggravated due to conflicting requirements of regulatory legal acts, which requires to fill out report forms reflecting the different contract price structure according to the state defensive order for submission to the Defence Ministry and the Federal Treasury. But most of all, they contradict the economic nature of operations reflected in accounting and do not provide control over payments, since the chosen implementation technology is wrong. It is necessary to change radically the approach to solving the above problem, which can be eliminated only by developing an innovative model of digital system for managing economic activity through reflecting the economic activity data in the indicators codes of accounting objects and codes of business transactions in digital form. And above all, it is necessary to make all payments on one individual account, taking into consideration financial and economic flows reflecting business operations on an accrual and cash basis, to implement separate accounting of financial and economic activities results and to establish effective control over payment costs.

Methodology of Plan Development Based on Digital Economy Tools

DOI: 10.33917/es-4.162.2019.6-17

The article deals with insufficiently explored fundamental methodological problem of creating a unified enterprise plan. Currently, plans/budgets are generated based on a variety of separate forms from various aspects of production and business activities, and combining them into a single document is practically impossible. The existing enterprise plan has got quite a formal role. In the current situation, a transition from forming separate documents to creating a single plan in the subjects of the real sector of economy is required in order to assess the whole range of tasks and goals of socio-economic development with regard to all the resources necessary for their implementation. Creating a single plan is a task of an extremely high level of complexity, which is solved by means of coding (digitizing) various information by all indicators and business operations with them, reflecting the business activities in business processes, as well as through significantly changing the structure of the plan, implementing compliance functions

Methods of Digital Economy in Terms of Management and Control Activities in the Real Economy

Currently, problems in the system of economic management have reached the level where a global shift has become objectively inevitable. Implementation of digital economy in terms of public administration and control activities through developing scientific principles in conjunction with situation analysis will provide an opportunity to solve these problems in order to ensure increase in real incomes of Russian citizens. The present article deals with creating a digital economy methodology in the real sector of economy for developing a digital system for economic activity management