Following up on development of microelectronics in our country, the topic raised in the previous “ES” issue, Valeri Valentinovich Ovchinnikov, Director of the Center for Global Expertise of the Global Industrial Center in the countries of Latin America, Europe and China, Doctor of Economic and Technical Sciences, Professor, in his conversation with Alexander Ageev concludes that there is the need for active state support of projects relating to artificial intelligence.
Author page: Valery Ovchinnikov
At the recent World Economic Forum in Davos, Russian representatives expressed the opinion that “development of artificial intelligence has become the event of 2017 in the world”, that Russia needs to create and to develop an ecosystem for promoting priority technologies (blockchain, quantum technologies, artificial intelligence). And at the Gaidar forum in the beginning of 2018 the RF Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev issued a word of caution that development of artificial intelligence may lead to reassessment of fundamental values, including in connection with reduction of personal space in human activities. The world is on the verge of a new long-term economic cycle — the sixth Kondratieff wave. As its driving forces, the specialists consider development of information and communication technologies, bio- and nanotechnologies and their convergence, the course for “environmental friendliness” of new developments and methods of management in general. According to Kondratieff’s theory of large cycles, which has become classic, social upheavals arise most easily in the period of the onslaught of new economic forces. So far, nobody managed to unequivocally answer the question: what awaits us if we learn to produce large numbers of robots with high intellectual abilities — a catastrophe or a blessing. Therefore, new research is needed to prove their benefit or harm to all of us. In the interview with Alexander Ageev, the editor-in-chief of the “ES” magazine, Professor Valery V. Ovchinnikov, Director of the Global Expertise Center of the Global Industrial Center in the countries of Latin America, Europe and China, Doctor of Economic and Technical Sciences tells about the history of creating microelectronics in our country and its innovation center in Zelenograd, the main problems in development of artificial intelligence, about international projects in this field, the brain drain problem and the inevitable social “accompaniment” of every technological revolution.
The paper examines in detail the system designs of the global oil and oil products market based on accomplishing a series of preconditions for a global competition compliance (for example, by such indicator as the price-quality of oil and oil products), to which the following compliances can be attributed: the existence of the great number of independent oil producer, as well as producers, suppliers and consumers of petroleum products, the possibility of a free trade of the productive forces (logistics) and oil products produced with the help of such forces. The productive forces include the broad paradigm of activities related not only to mining and processing of oil resources, but also to their transportation through pipelines and marine large vessels. It is also necessary to include here the independence of business entities; uniformity, comparability of oil and oil products; availability of access to objective information about the market.
Regulators (which may be state agencies as well as private companies) are the important tool for organizing different kinds of effective economic activity both in a given country and around the world. They carry out actions aimed at specific objects of economic activity, such as production of various types of material or information goods. At that material wealth is characteristic for the previous and the current technological civilization; over the past 300 years they have served as indicators of economic development or decline during the previous technological revolutions. With the onset of the current crisis and the new sixth wave of technological development these indicators have become insufficient.
The fifth technological revolution is still continuing, and a lot of new inventions and discoveries expect us.
In the published block of interviews on strategic issues three global strategic topics converged: what is happening to the human brain and human health, how social turbulence rolls in wave after wave, and that a new model of economic development is being worked through step by step. All these topics are “around-zero” ones. Each of them promises tremendous changes. It is already possible to begin to predict their scale and impact on our everyday life, but it is impossible to imagine them like all the “around-zero”.
“If you build the best mousetrap in the world, mice will come there themselves”. Here in lies the strategic error in managers training, even in the best universities of the world. In the sixth technological setup another principle of “discovery of knowledge customer” will be dominating.
March 29, 2011 in the Sergievsky Hall of the Cathedral of Christ the Savior, enlarged meeting of the Club of Orthodox entrepreneurs took place in the format of public hearings on key strategic issues of the country’s development, problems of social policy, childhood protection, formation of fair and conscientious financial system.
December 9, 2010 the Russian Academy of Sciences hosted the tenth jubilee session of the Global Strategic Forum on the theme “Whirlwinds of Global Risks Development Strategy of Russia”. During the second block of the Forum leaders of Russian IT-sector presented a report “On strategic directions of IT-industry development in Russia”, prepared by a working group within the Information and Computer Technologies Industry Association (APKIT) in cooperation with the Institute for economic strategies.