Crypto-currency is becoming one of the key factors for competitiveness of major players in national and global monetary and financial markets. Bitcoin has actually become one of the world’s currencies. State regulators’ conceptions about decentralization and autonomy of crypto-currencies create ever greater risks of currency-financial collapses owing to manipulative games and currency attacks of international speculative groups. Real beneficiaries of the crypto-currency volatility, as a rule, remain beyond visibility of the world community. Trends in the development of crypto-currencies as an increasingly important element of the world monetary and financial markets have determined for our country the need to form a mechanism for planning and coordinating the monetary and monetary policy of the EAEU member states with an agreed rate of a single electronic currency, circulation terms and conditions (zones, etc.) applying the principles of forming a transparent and unified organizational structure of financial institutions and markets within the framework of the EAEU.
Author page: Evgeny Loginov
The article is dedicated to forming the Russian cluster of transport-transit and fuel-energy corridors of Eurasia as a Russian counterpart partner project integrated with the Chinese Economic belt of the Silk Road. The authors substantiate the necessity of creating the Eurasian distributed mega-hub, oriented to consolidated management for the use of the transport-transit and fuel-energy infrastructure of Russia and other states-participants of the EAEU, combined with a similar Chinese infrastructure. The technological base of such a project is the infrastructure for production and transportation of fuel, energy, raw materials, food and other resources and for provision of logistics and other services in the structure of infrastructure-transport directions (corridors) “China–Russia–Europe” and “Russia–China–Asia”. It is proposed to change Russia’s business positioning in cooperation with China for its integration as a key operator in the structure of providing transport and transit services and supplying fuel and energy resources in Europe and Asia. On this basis, it is possible to form mechanisms both for coordinating trade of products and resources, as well as agreeing in mutually beneficial interests between Russia and China on various technological, economic, information and other aspects that ensure synchronization of the processes of rendering transport and transit services and energy supply to consumers in different territorial zones of national economies of Europe and Asia.
The purpose of the present article is to substantiate the directions of transforming the mechanisms of the fuel and energy complex management in Russia in order to eliminate risks and threats to the national economic interests of our country, manifested in the period of oil prices falling and introduction of anti-Russian economic and political sanctions. The authors propose approaches to substantiate the ways for protecting Russia’s economic interests in relation to the fuel and energy complex (FEC) of Russia, including concentration in the state’s hands of export flows of fuel and energy resources management (supply routes, volumes of extraction, transportation), cpecification of payment terms; intercorporate coordination of measures for development, reconstruction and modernization of fuel and energy infrastructure; formation of a qualitatively new infrastructure for wholesale and retail markets for fuel and energy resources (FER); transition to setting-up abroad the energynodal management mechanism regarding supply and transportation of Russian fuel and energy resources; clarification of measures for coordination and operation of profit centers, corporate financial centers, concentration centers of possession and management of property and financial assets in relation to large Russian energy corporations, including their subsidiaries and associates of the company abroad and others. Technology under consideration is proposed as an integral part of the management technologies of the Russian economy branches in relation to possible economic fluctuations of the world economy under conditions of significant changes related to new political realities in the USA, EU, etc.
One of the major goals of political and economic sanctions, imposed on Russia in post-Crimean period, is an attempt of Western geostrategic players to intercept the trade and financial flows between Russia and the countries importing energy and raw resources of Russian or transit origin. These flows are the basis of economic, political and social well-being of Russia. Under extremely severe change of external economic conditions of the Russian energy companies activities an urgent development of a new strategy for their integration into the world economy is required. Such a strategy should be based on the organizational model of the space-stream arrangements and interaction of Russian energy companies, which could be implemented in the most effective way based on the concept of forming energy hubs abroad as a kind of energy infrastructure nodes combining different business profiles of Russian economic agents activities.
The key factor determining the victory in the battle for the future is not the territory, not the army and not the volume of financial, material and intellectual resources being involved. The key factor of the victory is cognitive programming of subjective reality: mass-individual adjustment of the semantic interpretation of the existence goal and life success to form the material future through self-adjustment of the surrounding subjective reality to the “image of Victory” in cognitive perception of oneself and the surrounding material, virtual and imaginary individual world. Special urgency is acquired by this factor in conditions of building a “digital economy”. The basis of such mechanisms constitutes noomonitoring as a tool for making a “cognitive snapshot” of subjective reality, forecasting, planning and metaprogramming on its basis the “image of Victory” by forming in groups of individuals new knowledge about themselves and the surrounding world, as well as the structure of ideological and professional patterns for interpreting surrounding reality and its subsequent correction within the personal management while developing and implementing management decisions of individuals and groups as a basic reference point for managing groups of interrelated people, machines, technical, including information, systems and natural objects.
Russian strategy in assisting the legitimate leadership of Syria in their fight against terrorist groups has shown the beginning of a qualitatively new stage: not only the USA, but also Russia can now restore law and order in the most important regions of the world. The next Russia’s step in gaining back its role and recognized status of superpower shall be organization of successful reconstruction of Syria’s economy, destroyed by the terrorist war, in conditions of critical limitations of the Syrian national resources for these purposes. This requires elaboration and implementation of Russia’s equivalent of the Marshall Plan. It is proposed to concentrate Russian economic aid and investments in those sectors of the Syrian infrastructure development, that are the most promising for the Russian and Syrian interests, with the key positioning of objects restored or created with Russian participation. The basic imperative here is adjusting in Syria a new model of the Russian opportunities realization in key sectors (nodes) of the global strategic projects implementation as the new format of the Middle East development.
In conditions when the USA are implementing the global geo-economic project (Trans-Pacific Partnership and the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership), designed to radically reformat zones of strategic influence in the global economy, there is a need for a new management model, the counter Russian project (Big Eurasian Partnership) relying on fuel-energy and transport-logistics infrastructure based on cooperation of states — the EAEU participants. Big Eurasian partnership should be aimed at globalizational-strategic transformation of post-Soviet economic integration and cooperation to expand the spheres of profit extraction and increase of added value, obtained by the EAEU companies at accessible markets in Europe and Asia.
Research is focused on the problems of forming a qualitatively new model for monitoring, planning and coordination of monetary-financial and commodity policy in management of Russia’s national foreign exchange reserves (including regulation of bimetallic matrixes fluctuation dynamics of gold and silver spreads) with the agreed course of a particular currency, on terms and conditions (zones and so on) of circulation in Russia and the EAEU as a combinatorially expandable space. Identifying overt and latent characteristics of typical or atypical fluctuations of Russian monetary-financial markets dynamics is considered as the basis for preparation and execution of subsequent effective operational stabilization measures by subdivisions of corresponding Russian (in the long term — Eurasian-allied) federal agencies, commercial banks and others. It is expected to expand and deepen network situational analysis space in the financial sector to develop the system protective measures against speculative attacks, as well as against sanctions or other discriminatory actions of foreign structures.
In the last period every year the global economy was increasingly dependent on the pace of China’s economy development, on which many countries have traditionally pinned their hopes for successful exit from the crisis. 2015 has clearly and unequivocally demonstrated the tendency of Chinese critical instability increase. There are many reasons, and one of the most important was the change in the US policy — termination of “quantitative easing” programs, which determines conditions of demand for Chinese goods and the volume of their exports. Once and for all the credit character of “successful” China’s economic growth became apparent, the possibility of obtaining the effect from realizing the model of financial incentives to China’s national economy through increasing the volume of loans and investments is almost exhausted. The main conclusion: there is a direct correlation between the consequences of investment and industrial glut in China due to extreme economic growth and strengthening of structural economic and financial disproportions laying the contours of inevitably arising from them a new round of Chinese and the global economic crises.