The paper addresses the issue of forming an intelligent digital infrastructure for managing the country’s economy in special conditions: global disasters, catastrophes and emergencies. The experience of creating large information systems for managing the country’s economy in a special period is evaluated. The convergent approach for creating the required system for management support is proposed. It is shown that under these conditions, high management efficiency can be achieved on the basis of special support for self-organization processes and anti-collapse self-adjusting integration of information system segments and intelligent services that are adaptable to conditions of a known, predictable and unknown nature. At the same time, the integration of network infrastructures involves the distributed processing and storage of data based on interaction and integration of various network environments, which allows to achieve previously unattainable reliability, stability and recoverability of economic management.
Author page: Alexander Raikov
The course of artificial intelligence development in the XXI century in the context of formation of new technological modes and post-nonclassical management paradigm can be forecasted based on analysis of its many-sided and thorny historical retrospective. This way, of course, is not assured from unexpected traps. However, they can be avoided by finding new solutions in unfamiliar spaces for modeling, based on other approaches to solving complex problems and semantic interpretation of data by synthesizing for these innovations still unknown materials for computer memory and processors.
The article deals with intellectual informationanalytical technology implemented in the processes of public procurement and in the systems of fiscal support to the economy (subsidies, state guarantees, budget investments) and based on the possibilities of semantic analysis of electronic content while placing and executing the state order and of applying a collective intelligence. The analysis includes a comparison of individual data of companies participating in cooperation while executing state contracts through electronic trading platforms (ETP), with dynamics of funds movement. At that, the mechanism of knowledge management, based on the retrospective of similar state contracts implementation and network expertise, is applied. The analysis highlights indicators characterizing the chain of links in respect of funds movement, financial audit and monitoring are carried out. Analytical services are integrated with monitoring services, implemented by commercial banks, which carry out the contract support, and with the Federal Financial Monitoring Service. Considered intelligent technology is offered as an integral part of risk reduction technologies related to improper and inefficient use of budget funds, especially in the sphere of the state defense order.
Prices slump in the world oil markets in the second half of 2014 significantly damaged Russian economy. It became clear that something should be done. The article formulates the main directions and organizational model of forming the system of the EAEU oil and oil products markets. In fact, given the importance of budget revenues and corporate income from the crude oil and oil products sales (including relationship with the national currency exchange rate), it is a question of ensuring national security of our friendly countries through the joint regulation of the union oil markets by the states — the EAEU members. The EAEU system of oil and oil products markets (in the short term, the common EAEU market of oil and oil products) — is not only a mechanism of a certain commodities turnover management, but also a tool supporting the national currency exchange rate, the volume of gold and currency reserves, social programs realization and, therefore, a guarantee of their sustainability development.
Operational result of the strategy being executed by political-economic US clans, which brought to power the current US President Barack Obama and keep under control the majority of European countries political leaders, influence the world economy future and the Russian economy in 2015–2016, is manipulative handling of world oil prices. This strategy is designed to create new economic and political balance of powers in the global arena through trying to expropriate the accumulated financial-economic resources of a number of oil-exporting countries and to focus the short- and medium-term trend of stimulating antirecessionary economic development of the West developed countries, based on increasing natural and industrial resources exploitation, especially Russia, on nonequivalent economic compensation for supplied energy resources. At the same time there is an attempt to unhinge” those political regimes, including Russia, which the West doesn’t like. Russia should draw up adequate conclusions from the current situation, they should form the basis for the national economic sovereignty policy in the ХХI century.
Importance of problems solved by the Russian space industry determines application of the most modern management tools. Industry Situation Centre ensures a high level of aerospace industry competitiveness, development sustainability and holistic coverage of problem situations in making command decisions. The paper deals with its distinctive features in the system of distributed situation centers.
Building a future is characterized by way intelligibility, by reverse manner of management tasks solution, by taking into account latent factors, by instability and poor convergence of progress towards the objectives processes. This paper proposes a cognitive mechanism for future planning support with ensuring its semantic interpretation and integrity preservation. It speeds up and improves the quality of forecasts, planning and actions.
December 9, 2010 the Russian Academy of Sciences hosted the tenth jubilee session of the Global Strategic Forum on the theme “Whirlwinds of Global Risks Development Strategy of Russia”. During the second block of the Forum leaders of Russian IT-sector presented a report “On strategic directions of IT-industry development in Russia”, prepared by a working group within the Information and Computer Technologies Industry Association (APKIT) in cooperation with the Institute for economic strategies.